SULPHUR CITY
East Black Oak Rd, Wc 57

No Post Office


Peter Mankins Sr's new marker at Reese Cemetery


The post office at Sulphur City was established in 1882 and closed around 1960. The community was first known as Sulphur Springs but another post office already had that name so Mankins was chosen but soon changed to Sulphur City. The post office was initially called Mankins after Peter Mankins who was born in 1770 in Maryland and died in 1881 at 111 near Sulphur City.

County court records show that a school existed in Sulphur City as early as 1877, and operated until 1948 when it was consolidated with Elkins.

The first store in Sulphur City was established in 1876 by Johnson Crawford. Other stores, blacksmith shop and apple dryer operated for some time. A spring house was built at the sulphur spring with hopes of a health resort being built. All stores, school and the spring house are now gone. The spring flows only a little water but was still flowing in the 1960's. Other springs also exist in the vicinity but do not have sulphur water.

Peter Mankins Sr. is thought to have arrived in the Middle Fork valley in the 1830's. He developed a significant livestock business. Blevins reported that Mankins made cattle drives to Chicago and hog drives to Louisiana and is said to have participated in the first cattle drive to California. In 1857, he sold $34,000 worth of cattle to the U S Government. Like so many other prosperous activities in the area, the Civil War brought an end to Mankin's livestock business. Mankin's died in 1881, just a short time time after seeing the first train arrive in Fayetteville.

Peter Mankins Jr. likely took over some of his father's businesses. He was a member of one of the groups who went to California for the gold rush. One story says he made a good deal of money in California but lost most of it gambling and arrived back home with little. He also formed and supplied a troop of Confederate soldiers during the Civil War. His troop was eventually joined with a regular unit of the Confederate army.

Sulphur City is on or near the Middle Fork of the White River. A number of settlements grew along this river, from the south were:
Osburn, post office established 1901, discontinued 1929
Hazel Valley, post office established 1875, discontinued 1951
Arnett, established 1883, discontinued 1951
Hicks, established as Carter's Store in 1875, discontinued in 1953
and Sulphur City.

Bibliography:
Washington County Postoffices and Postmasters 1829-1976 by Deane Carter, published 1976 by Washington Co Historical Society
Sulphur City by F M McConnell Flashback May 1968
Middle Fork Valley, etc by Frank M McConnell Flashback August 1961
History of the Middle Fork by Frank M McConnell Flashback July 1965
Washington County History by Joe Neal, published by Shiloh Museum
Hill Folks by Brooks Blevins
School Days, School Days--------by Billie Lee Griffith



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